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New species of dinosaur with ‘unusually large’ nose discovered.

A new species of dinosaur with an unusually large nose has been identified by a retired general practitioner in the UK who spent lockdown rummaging through boxes of hundreds of old bones.

Jeremy Lockwood, who is studying for a PhD at the University of Portsmouth, set himself the task of cataloguing every iguanodon bone discovered on the Isle of Wight.

As the 64 year old from Chale, near Ventnor, Isle of Wight, sorted the bones from the collections of the Natural History Museum in London and the Dinosaur Isle Museum, he discovered the unique “bulbous” nasal bone.

The dorsal vertebra, with pathological fracture, of the Brighstoneus simmondsi. Photograph: Jeremy Lockwood/University of Portsmouth/PA

The dorsal vertebra, with pathological fracture, of the Brighstoneus simmondsi. Photograph: Jeremy Lockwood/University of Portsmouth/PA

The left dentary jaw of the Brighstoneus simmondsi. Photograph: Jeremy Lockwood/University of Portsmouth/PA

The left dentary jaw of the Brighstoneus simmondsi. Photograph: Jeremy Lockwood/University of Portsmouth/PA

Dr Lockwood, who studies in the school of environment, geography and geoscience, said: “For over 100 years, we’d only seen two types of dinosaur on the Isle of Wight – the plant-eating Iguanodon bernissartensis and Mantellisaurus atherfieldensis.

“I was convinced that subtle differences between bones would reveal a new species, so I set out to measure, photograph and study the anatomy of each bone.

“My background is medicine, so I’ve studied anatomy and was always struck by the fact that the bones we find in humans all look exactly the same.

“I’ve seen dinosaur bones that are reportedly from the same species, but I’ve been baffled as to why they would look so different.

“Last year during lockdown, after four years of going through boxes and boxes of bones, I decided to reconstruct the skull of a specimen, which had been in storage since 1978, and to my astonishment I noticed the end of its nose was bulbous.

“This discovery made it one of the happiest days of lockdown because it was a sign there really was something different about this particular dinosaur from the Isle of Wight.”

The nasal and maxilla of the Brighstoneus simmondsi. Photograph: Jeremy Lockwood/University of Portsmouth/PA

The nasal and maxilla of the Brighstoneus simmondsi. Photograph: Jeremy Lockwood/University of Portsmouth/PA

Brighstoneus simmondsi (top) alongside Mantellisaurus atherfieldensis. Photograph: John Sibbick/University of Portsmouth/PA

Brighstoneus simmondsi (top) alongside Mantellisaurus atherfieldensis. Photograph: John Sibbick/University of Portsmouth/PA

Dr Lockwood, working with Prof Dave Martill from the University of Portsmouth and Dr Susannah Maidment from the Natural History Museum, has now named the new species Brighstoneus simmondsi, for a study published in the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology.

Brighstoneus is named after the village of Brighstone on the Isle of Wight, which is close to the excavation site. The latter part of the name is in honour of Keith Simmonds, an amateur collector, who was involved in finding and excavating the specimen. – PA

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