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Who is Loujain al-Hathloul? UBC grad, women’s rights activist jailed in Saudi Arabia.

Click to play video 'UBC grad could face up to 20 years in Saudi Arabian prison'

WATCH: UBC grad to be convicted by Saudi court – Dec 20, 2020

Prominent Saudi women’s rights activist and University of British Columbia (UBC) graduate Loujain al – Hathloul , 31, was convicted by a Saudi court on Monday on charges which include seeking to change the Saudi politic al system and harming nation al security.

Here are some details about al – Hathloul , who has been detained since 2018.

ACTIVISM

Hathloul rose to prominence in 2013 when she began publicly campaigning for women’s right to drive in Saudi Arabia.

She was arrested for the first time in 2014 while attempting to drive across the border from the United Arab Emirates — where she had a v al id driver’s license — to Saudi Arabia. She spent 73 days in a women’s detention facility, an experience she later said helped shape her campaigning against the kingdom’s m al e guardianship system.

In 2016, a year after she became one of the first women to stand for municip al election in Saudi Arabia, she was among 14,000 signatories on a petition to King S al man c al ling for an end to the guardianship system.

In 2018, she attended a public meeting in Geneva to brief the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on women’s rights in Saudi Arabia.

DETENTION AND TRI AL

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In March 2018 Hathloul was arrested in the UAE where she was studying and forcibly flown to Riyadh where she was held under house arrest before being moved to prison in May, rights groups say. She was among at least a dozen other women’s rights activists arrested, and Saudi media tarred them as traitors.

Rights groups say at least three of the women, including Hathloul , were held in solitary confinement for months and subjected to abuse including electric shocks, flogging and sexu al assault. Saudi authorities have denied torture al legations.

Her tri al began in March 2019 in Riyadh’s crimin al court after ten months in detention.

In August 2019, Hathloul ‘s family said she had rejected a propos al to secure her release from prison in exchange for a video statement denying reports she was tortured in custody.

Hathloul went on hunger strike in October — her second in 2020 — to protest against the conditions of her detention. Her family said she was forced to abandon the hunger strike after two weeks because her jailers were waking her every two hours.

In November 2020, her case was transferred from regular crimin al court to a speci al terrorism court.

In December 2020, the Saudi public prosecutor was cleared of al legations of abuse against Hathloul by the crimin al court.

On December 28, 2020, she was sentenced to five years and eight months in prison, with two years and 10 months suspended. Charges against her include seeking to change the Saudi politic al system and harming nation al security.

© 2020 Reuters

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