NATO leaders including U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson, French President Emmanuel Macron, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and Italian Premier Mario Draghi, arrive in Madrid, Spain, June 28, 2022.
Japan is not a member of NATO but for the first time its prime minister, Fumio Kishida, is also attending the summit.
Seven decades after it was founded, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is meeting in Madrid this week with an urgent need to reassert its original mission: preventing Russian aggression against Western allies.
Until late last year, only around 5,000 NATO troops were deployed in the Baltic states and Poland on a rotational basis.
Now hundreds of thousands of troops are on heightened alert, with 100,000 U.S. troops in Europe, and 40,000 under direct NATO command, supported by air and naval power.
The summit is set to agree to stockpile weapons and equipment in Eastern Europe and to dramatically increase the number of troops based in the region, or on standby in their own countries, as a rapid-reaction force.
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