NDTV News

NDTV.com provides latest news from India and the world. Get today’s news headlines from Business, Technology, Bollywood, Cricket, videos, photos, live news coverage and exclusive breaking news from India.

https://www.ndtv.com/

As Africa's Glaciers Melt, Millions Face Drought And Floods, Says UN.

As Africa's Glaciers Melt, Millions Face Drought And Floods, Says UN

The report came as African countries demanded a new system to track funding from wealthy nations

Johannesburg:

Africa's fabled eastern glaciers will vanish in two decades, 118 million poor people face drought, floods or extreme heat, and climate change could shrink the continent's economy by 3% by mid-century, the U.N. climate agency warned on Tuesday.

The latest report on the state of Africa's climate by the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and African Union agencies paints a dire picture of the continent's ability to adapt to increasingly frequent weather disasters.

The report says last year was Africa's third warmest on record, according to one set of data, 0.86 degrees Celsius above the average in the three decades leading to 2010. It has mostly warmed slower than high-latitude temperate zones, but the impact is still devastating.

"The rapid shrinking of the last remaining glaciers in eastern Africa, which are expected to melt entirely in the near future, signals the threat of ... irreversible change to the Earth system," WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas said in a foreword to the report.

The report came as African countries demanded a new system to track funding from wealthy nations that are failing to meet a $100-billion annual target to help the developing world tackle climate change.

The demand by Africa's top climate negotiator Tanguy Gahouma, ahead of the COP26 climate summit, highlights tensions between the world's 20 largest economies that produce more than three quarters of greenhouse gas emissions, and developing countries that are bearing the brunt of global warming.

'EXTREME HEAT'

The report forecast that at current rates all three of Africa's tropical ice fields - Tanzania's Kilimanjaro, Kenya's Mount Kenya, and Uganda's Rwenzoris, which are often identified as the location of the legendary Mountains of the Moon - would be gone by the 2040s.

In addition, "By 2030, it is estimated that up to 118 million extremely poor people (living on less than $1.90 per day) will be exposed to drought, floods and extreme heat ... if adequate response measures are not put in place," African Union Agriculture Commissioner Josefa Sacko said.

Africa, which accounts for less than 4% of greenhouse gas emissions, has long been expected to be severely impacted by climate change. Its croplands are already drought-prone, many of its major cities hug the coast, and widespread poverty makes it harder for people to adapt.

Apart from worsening drought on a continent heavily reliant on agriculture, there was extensive flooding in East and West Africa in 2020, the report noted, while a locust infestation of historic proportions, which began a year earlier, continued to wreak havoc.

The report estimated that sub-Saharan Africa would need to spend $30-$50 billion, or 2-3% of GDP, each year on adaptation to avert even worse consequences.

An estimated 1.2 million people were displaced by storms and floods in 2020, nearly two and half times as many people as fled their homes because of conflict in the same year.

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

Related news

US Announces Another Case Of COVID-19 Omicron Variant.

Health authorities in the midwestern US state of Minnesota announced Thursday they had found another case of the Omicron variant on American soil, this time in a man with no known recent international...

NDTV News

I was kidnapped, drugged & used as sex slave by a stranger.

I was kidnapped, drugged & used as sex slave by a stranger.

TRICKED into attending a fake photoshoot, actress Frida Farrell was drugged, kidnapped and subjected to a three day rape ordeal. It’s the sort of harrowing event that most would want to forget, but the brave mother-of-one has instead re-lived her ...

Fashion titan Virgil Abloh leaves behind a trail-blazing legacy.

Fashion titan Virgil Abloh leaves behind a trail-blazing legacy.

Virgil Abloh, the founder of fashion brand Off-White and the first African American to serve as artistic director for Louis Vuitton, died at 41 after battling a rare form of cancer

Why Biden’s approval ratings are so low

Why Biden’s approval ratings are so low

President Joe Biden’s approval ratings have hit an all-time low for him at 36%, which is worse than former Presidents Trump and Obama ever had in office. In the latest episode of The Point, CNN’s Chris Cillizza talks about what this means for Bide...

LIVE: Biden Delivers Remarks On Bipartisan Infrastructure Bill - NBC News.

LIVE: Biden Delivers Remarks On Bipartisan Infrastructure Bill - NBC News.

Watch live coverage as President Biden delivers remarks on what benefits the bipartisan infrastructure bill could bring to the American public. » Subscribe to NBC News: » Watch more NBC video: NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and pow...

Could a wellbeing economy help tackle climate change?.

Could a wellbeing economy help tackle climate change?.

Should we change our economic model to focus on sustainability instead of GDP in order to successfully tackle climate change? We debate this on the Daily Climate Show with guests Tessa Khan, Director of Uplift, and Director at Small World Consulti...

Are we doing enough to reduce plastic packaging?

Are we doing enough to reduce plastic packaging?

Plastic packaging on supermarket shelves has been cut by 10% over the past three years, according to the charity WRAP.  But Mike Berners-Lee, Director at Small World Consulting, says plastic production "is going up still". Plus, Tessa Khan, Direct...