NDTV News

NDTV.com provides latest news from India and the world. Get today’s news headlines from Business, Technology, Bollywood, Cricket, videos, photos, live news coverage and exclusive breaking news from India.

https://www.ndtv.com/

Climate Change Indicators Hit Record Highs In 2021: UN Chief.

Climate Change Indicators Hit Record Highs In 2021: UN Chief

UN chief Antonio Guterres said that the global energy system is broken. (File)

Geneva:

Four key climate change indicators all set new record highs in 2021, the United Nations said Wednesday, warning that the global energy system was driving humanity towards catastrophe.

Greenhouse gas concentrations, sea level rise, ocean heat and ocean acidification all set new records last year, the UN's World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said in its "State of the Global Climate in 2021" report.

The annual overview is "a dismal litany of humanity's failure to tackle climate disruption", UN chief Antonio Guterres said. "The global energy system is broken and bringing us ever closer to climate catastrophe. We must end fossil fuel pollution and accelerate the renewable energy transition before we incinerate our only home."

The WMO said human activity was causing planetary-scale changes on land, in the ocean and in the atmosphere, with harmful and long-lasting ramifications for ecosystems.

Record heat

The report confirmed that the past seven years were the top seven hottest years on record.

Back-to-back La Nina events at the start and end of 2021 had a cooling effect on global temperatures last year.

Even so, it was still one of the warmest years ever recorded, with the average global temperature in 2021 about 1.11 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial level.

The 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change saw countries agree to cap global warming at "well below" 2C above average levels measured between 1850 and 1900 -- and 1.5C if possible.

"Our climate is changing before our eyes," said WMO chief Petteri Taalas.

"The heat trapped by human-induced greenhouse gases will warm the planet for many generations to come. Sea level rise, ocean heat and acidification will continue for hundreds of years unless means to remove carbon from the atmosphere are invented."

'Consistent picture of warming world'

Four key indicators of climate change "build a consistent picture of a warming world that touches all parts of the Earth system", the report said.

Greenhouse gas concentrations reached a new global high in 2020, when the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) reached 413.2 parts per million (ppm) globally, or 149 percent of the pre-industrial level.

Data indicate that they continued to increase in 2021 and early 2022, with monthly average CO2 at Mona Loa in Hawaii reaching 416.45 ppm in April 2020, 419.05 ppm in April 2021, and 420.23 ppm in April 2022, the report said.

Global mean sea level reached a new record high in 2021, rising an average of 4.5 millimetres per year throughout 2013 to 2021, the report said.

GMSL rose by 2.1 mm per year between 1993 and 2002, with the increase between the two time periods "mostly due to the accelerated loss of ice mass from the ice sheets", it said.

Signs in the seas

Ocean heat hit a record high last year, exceeding the 2020 value, the report said.

It is expected that the upper 2,000 metres of the ocean will continue to warm in the future -- "a change which is irreversible on centennial to millennial timescales", said the WMO, adding that the warmth was penetrating to ever deeper levels.

The ocean absorbs around 23 percent of the annual emissions of human-caused CO2 into the atmosphere. While this slows the rise of atmospheric CO2 concentrations, CO2 reacts with seawater and leads to ocean acidification.

The UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change concluded with "very high confidence" that open ocean surface acidity is at the highest "for at least 26,000 years".

Meanwhile the report said the Antarctic ozone hole reached an "unusually deep and large" maximum area of 24.8 million square kilometres in 2021, driven by a strong and stable polar vortex.

Guterres proposed five actions to jump-start the transition to renewable energy "before it's too late".

Among them, he suggested ending fossil fuel subsidies, tripling investments in renewable energy and making renewable energy technologies, such as battery storage, freely-available global public goods.

"If we act together, the renewable energy transformation can be the peace project of the 21st century," Guterres said.

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

For this year’s trends, we have gathered some of the classic as well as future features that we believe will be the biggest UX trends in 2022.
Останні новини
Metaverse 101: Experiencing Virtual Reality For The First Time.

Metaverse 101: Experiencing Virtual Reality For The First Time.

As the metaverse becomes more relevant, NBC News' Harry Smith straps on a VR headset and heads into the digital world for the first time alongside News Now's Savannah Sellers. » Subscribe to NBC News: » Watch more NBC video: NBC News Digital is a ...

Trump supporters have a right to be skeptical of this: Concha.

Trump supporters have a right to be skeptical of this: Concha.

Fox News contributor Joe Concha discusses the rampant crime across major cities in the United States Subscribe to Fox News! Watch more Fox News Video: Watch Fox News Channel Live: FOX News Channel (FNC) is a 24-hour all-encompassing news service d...

Actor #AnneHeche is unlikely to survive after crashing her car Monday, a family spokesperson says.

Actor #AnneHeche is unlikely to survive after crashing her car Monday, a family spokesperson says.

Actor Anne Heche suffered an "anoxic" brain injury and is not expected to survive, her spokesperson said Thursday, nearly a week after she crashed her car into a home in Los Angeles. » Subscribe to NBC News: » Watch more NBC video: NBC News Digita...

2

Growing concern of copycat attacks on FBI after Ohio standoff l ABCNL.

Growing concern of copycat attacks on FBI after Ohio standoff l ABCNL.

Suspect in FBI standoff in Cincinnati may have been motivated by conspiracy theories related to Trump, 2020 elections and the Mar-a-Lago raid. WATCH the ABC News Live Stream Here:  SUBSCRIBE to ABC NEWS:  Watch More on  LIKE ABC News on FACEBOOK  ...

House of Representatives expected to pass climate and health care legislation l ABCNL.

House of Representatives expected to pass climate and health care legislation l ABCNL.

ABC News business reporter Alexis Christoforous and Zohreen Shah discuss the latest on the Inflation Reduction Act and what it means for the U.S. economy. WATCH the ABC News Live Stream Here:  SUBSCRIBE to ABC NEWS:  Watch More on  LIKE ABC News o...

1

Ex-FBI deputy director reacts to attempted breach of Ohio FBI office.

Ex-FBI deputy director reacts to attempted breach of Ohio FBI office.

Former FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe says police killing a gunman following an attempted breach at the FBI Cincinnati office is a potent example of the state of the threat of political violence in this country. #CNN #News