US justice department launches sweeping inquiry into policing in Minneapolis.

The US justice department on Wednesday launched a sweeping civil investigation into policing practices in Minneapolis following a jury’s verdict that former city police officer Derek Chauvin murdered George Floyd.

The inquiry is the first major action of attorney general Merrick Garland, and comes after president Joe Biden vowed to address systemic racism in the US. It will consider whether the city’s police department engages “in a pattern or practice of using excessive force, including during protests”, he said.

He added it will also examine whether the department “engages in discriminatory conduct and whether its treatment of those with behavioural health disabilities is unlawful”.

Chauvin’s conviction was a milestone in the fraught racial history of the US and a rebuke of law enforcement’s treatment of black Americans. Mr Floyd’s death during an arrest incident was one in a long list of police killings of black Americans that prompted nationwide protests.

“Too many communities have experienced those wounds firsthand. Yesterday’s verdict in the state criminal trial does not address potentially systemic policing issues in Minneapolis,” Mr Garland said.

Mr Garland has previously said he will make cracking down on police misconduct a priority.

A separate criminal justice-department investigation into whether the officers involved in Mr Floyd’s death violated his civil rights continues, Mr Garland said.

The decision to open an inquiry into systemic policing problems marks a sharp contrast from the administration of former president Donald Trump, which sharply curtailed the use of court-enforcement agreements to prevent police departments from violating peoples’ civil rights.

Mr Garland rescinded that policy on Friday, saying the department would be returning to its traditional practices of investigating state and local police departments and allowing unit heads to approve most settlements and consent decrees.

On Wednesday, Mr Garland said justice department officials had already started to reach out to community groups in Minneapolis to ask about their experiences with law enforcement, and the officials also plan to speak with police officers there about the training and support they receive.

Jury verdict

A 12-member jury on Tuesday found Chauvin (45) guilty of second-degree murder, third-degree murder and manslaughter over the death of Mr Floyd after considering three weeks of testimony from 45 witnesses, including bystanders to the arrest, police officials and medical experts.

In a confrontation captured on video, Chauvin, a white police officer who has since left the force, pushed his knee into the neck of Mr Floyd (46), who was in handcuffs, for more than nine minutes on May 25th, 2020. Chauvin and three fellow officers were attempting to arrest Mr Floyd, accused of using a fake $20 bill to buy cigarettes at a grocery store.

The conviction triggered a wave of relief and reflection not only across the US but in countries around the world.

Even as crowds celebrated the verdict, protesters called for justice in the case of Daunte Wright, a black man who was fatally shot by a police officer after a routine traffic stop on April 11th, just a few miles from where Chauvin stood trial. Kimberly Potter, who has turned in her badge, has been charged with manslaughter in that case. – Reuters

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