Women Gain Ground In Nobel Man's World

Women Gain Ground In Nobel Man's World

A screen shows Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna during announcement of 2020 Nobel in Chemistry

Paris, France:

The Nobel prizes remain very much a man's world, especially in science, but with four female laureates named this year, women are gradually getting more recognition.

Since the first Nobel prizes were given out in 1901, 58 women have been rewarded, representing only 6.2 percent of the 934 laureates (excluding institutions) overall, according to an AFP database.

However the number of women laureates has been steadily increasing over the decades, with 11.1 percent in the 2010s and 9.2 percent in the 2000s, against 5.4 percent in the 1900s and 2.6 percent in the 1910s.

There were, however, none in the 1950s.

The latest additions to the Nobel club are America's Louise Gluck (the poet took the literature prize), Andrea Ghez (who shared physics) and Jennifer Doudna who won the chemistry award with France's Emmanuelle Charpentier.

The three women scientists have pulled off quite a feat in getting their prizes in two of the most male-dominated disciplines.

Success in science

Doudna and Charpentier's chemistry win is only the third time in Nobel history that a woman or an all-female team have taken it, after Marie Curie and the British X-ray crystallography pioneer Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin won it on their own in 1911 and 1964 respectively.

As a Frenchwoman, Charpentier follows in the footsteps of Curie and her daughter Irene Joliot-Curie, who won the prize in 1935 in a tandem with her mother and husband Frederic Joliot.

Marie Curie was the first woman laureate in 1903 in physics, and is to date the only one to have won two Nobels (1903 in physics and 1911 in chemistry).

Women make up only 1.9 percent of physics laureates, or four out of 216, while they won seven out of 186 chemistry prizes.

The medicine and economics awards are also heavily male dominated, with 5.4 percent of women laureates in medicine (12 out of 222) and 2.3 percent (two out of 86) in economics.

The Nobel peace prize (15.9 percent, or 17 out of 107), not taking into account those awarded to institutions, and literature (13.7 percent, 16 out of 117) are slightly more women friendly.

Like the prizes themselves, the Nobel committees awarding them are also male-dominated, with women holding less than a quarter of the places.

There are, for example, only two women among the seven members of the committee which selects the literature laureate, one out of seven for physics and four out of 18 for medicine.

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)


Related news

Argentina becomes 5th country to surpass 1 million coronavirus cases.

Across Latin America, three other nations are expected to reach the 1 million case milestone in the coming weeks — Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Second Trump-Biden Debate To Feature A 'Mute' Button, Organizers Say.

Thursday's debate between President Donald Trump and Democratic challenger Joe Biden will feature a mute button to allow each candidate to speak uninterrupted, organizers said on Monday, in a bid to...

Major Earthquake Off Alaska Triggers Small Tsunami Waves.

A major 7.5-magnitude quake off the coast of Alaska triggered small tsunami waves Monday, US agencies said, but there were no immediate reports of casualties or damage.

7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Near Alaska Triggers Small Tsunami Waves

A major 7.5-magnitude quake off the coast of Alaska triggered small tsunami waves Monday, US agencies said, but there were no immediate reports of casualties or damage.

Next Trump, Biden debate will cut mics when rivals speak during certain sections.

The commission has faced pressure from the Trump campaign to avoid changing the rules, while Biden's team was hoping for a more ordered debate.

Meet the groups trying to turn Republicans away from Donald Trump.

Hundreds of Americans are supporting a political action committee called Republican Voters Against Trump, which is trying to convince Republicans it’s OK to vote against the party.

Trump Slams Government Covid Expert Fauci «And All These Idiots» .

US President Donald Trump went after top government scientist Anthony Fauci in a call with campaign staffers on Monday, suggesting the hugely respected and popular doctor was an "idiot."

In Landmark Boost, Trump Says Will Delist Sudan As Sponsor Of Terror.

President Donald Trump said Monday he was ready to remove Sudan from a US blacklist of state sponsors of terrorism, a landmark boost for the civilian-backed government as it turns the page on the...

Tsunami warning issued for Alaska after 7.4-magnitude earthquake

As of 5:15 p.m. ET, officials were evaluating whether there is a risk to residents of British Columbia.

Belarus opposition leader praises friendship of Canada’s Champagne.

Speaking from exile in Vilnius, Lithuania, Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya said François-Philippe Champagne reached out to her just after she arrived from Belarus.

By continuing to browse World News (UAZMI), you acknowledge that you have read the Terms of Use and agree to the use of cookies