MOSCOW -- The Moscow City Court will hold preliminary hearings on November 23 into the move by prosecutors and the Prosecutor-General's Office to shut down the Memorial Human Rights Center, one of Russia's oldest human rights organizations.
Moscow prosecutors earlier this month asked a city court to order the Memorial Human Rights Center's closure, while Russian federal prosecutors want the Supreme Court to order a shutdown of International Memorial, the umbrella organization for the group.
The move has sparked widespread condemnation at home and abroad.
The Supreme Court's hearing into the move against International Memorial is scheduled for November 25.
Memorial's employees have filed papers requesting that the hearings be open to the public, citing what they called "the importance of the hearings for society." However, many legal experts expect the proceedings will be held behind closed doors given the sensitivity of the case. Memorial was launched shortly before the Soviet collapse in part to document Soviet repression. In the decades since, it has produced hallmark indicators of the rights situation and documented historical and ongoing injustices. The attempt to close the organizations relates to alleged violations of the country’s controversial "foreign agent" legislation.
Memorial is among several news outlets and rights organizations to have been labeled foreign agents in what is seen as a historic crackdown on civil society and critics of the government. Russia’s so-called "foreign agent" legislation was adopted in 2012 and has been modified repeatedly. It requires nongovernmental organizations that receive foreign assistance, and that the government deems to be engaged in political activity, to be registered, to identify themselves as “foreign agents,” and to submit to audits.