Heavy fighting across Afghanistan as Taliban seize provincial capitals.

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The Taliban have captured at least two provincial capitals and besieged several more across Afghanistan, making the most significant advances yet in their revived campaign for control of the country as the US and UK warn their citizens to leave.

Heavy fighting took place in Kunduz and Sar-e-Pol over the weekend, with the AFP reporting that insurgents had captured the two northern cities. Afghan and US air forces continued bombarding Kunduz in a bid to prevent the Taliban from establishing control of the city.

The Taliban on Friday captured their first local capital, Zaranj in the country’s southwestern Nimroz province, without any strong resistance, sending Afghan officials and armed forces fleeing into neighbouring Iran.

On Saturday they over-ran Sheberghan, the capital of northern Jowzjan province, a strategic and symbolic gain. Jowzjan is the stronghold of Abdul Rashid Dostum, a powerful anti-Taliban warlord who until last year served as vice-president to Afghanistan’s president Ashraf Ghani.

Other provincial capitals, including Lashkar Gah and Kandahar, are under siege. The Taliban, who have already swept through large swaths of the country, are targeting several strategic cities following the Biden administration’s decision to pull out remaining US forces by the end of this month.

Analysts warned that the escalating violence could result in a protracted civil war, the break-up of the country or the Taliban overrunning the national capital Kabul.

The Islamist group on Friday assassinated Dawa Khan Menapal, head of the government’s media centre, in the capital and also claimed responsibility for a deadly attack last week that targeted the defence minister, who was not present.

Air strikes

While some officials denied Sheberghan had completely fallen to the Taliban, multiple sources confirmed the insurgents had gained control of the city and much of the province. After several days of clashes, the Taliban reportedly used water canals to breach the city’s defensive lines in the dead of the night.

One local businessman said there was now “no resistance” and social media videos reportedly showed Taliban forces inside Mr Dostum’s palace.

US forces have carried out air strikes in a bid to deter the Taliban and boost the morale of Afghan national security forces, but an American defence official said the strikes amounted to only “a handful” each day.

The US embassy in Kabul on Saturday said US citizens should leave Afghanistan “immediately”. “The order for American citizens to leave is an indication of the deteriorating security situation,” the US defence official said.

The British Foreign Office has also updated its travel advice to urge all citizens to leave the country.

Joe Biden ordered the drawdown of US troops to bring America’s longest-running war to a close, upholding a deal the Trump administration struck with the Taliban.

Both presidents took the decision against the advice of some US military officials, who warned pulling out troops risked emboldening the Taliban and damaging fragile gains in Afghanistan.

The Biden administration has been making a last-ditch effort to secure a negotiated political settlement that would give the Taliban a role in the government rather than pursue its advantage on the battlefield, but to little effect.

“These Taliban actions to forcibly impose its rule are unacceptable and contradict its claim to support a negotiated settlement in the Doha peace process,” the US said.

Trapped

The Taliban came to power in Afghanistan in the late 1990s. They were deposed by a US invasion in response to the 9/11 attacks, which were conducted by al-Qaeda, a jihadi group that established ties to the Islamist Taliban militancy.

On Friday, Deborah Lyons, the UN special representative for Afghanistan, said at least 104 civilians had been killed and 403 wounded in Lashkar Gah since late July.

Civilians in the city are trapped in the close-range combat between the Taliban and besieged Afghan forces, with heavy bombardment from US and Afghan air forces adding to the danger. – Copyright The Financial Times Limited 2021

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