The immediate ceasefire and the withdrawal of Russian troops from the territories of Ukraine are among the key aspects of a peace agreement that could be signed following negotiations with Russia to end the war against Ukraine. But strategically, our state wants to have a specific mechanism that will guarantee its security in the future.
Adviser to the President's Office head Mykhailo Podoliak said this in an interview with WP Wiadomości, the press service of the head of state reported.
"The immediate ceasefire and the immediate withdrawal of Russian troops from the territories of Ukraine are one of the key aspects of the peace agreement. Otherwise, nothing. However, negotiations are a large-scale process in which not only Russia and Ukraine take part. Our partners are also involved. After all, we do not just have to sign an agreement. We want to develop a specific mechanism that will guarantee our security in the future," he stressed.
Podoliak stressed that at the moment the Ukrainian and Russian delegations are defending their positions at the talks, so it may take some time to agree on the controversial issues.
"During this time, we should get closer to concluding a peace agreement. First of all, taking into account the interests of Ukraine, which suffered huge destruction from the Russian Federation," he said.
He also expressed confidence that after the signing of such an agreement, Russia will have no choice but to immediately begin the withdrawal of armed forces from the territory of Ukraine. Thus, after the signing of the treaty, the Vienna Convention will come into force for both sides, according to which the peace treaty can be annulled if the belligerent states do not withdraw their troops from enemy territories. Thus, attempts to detain Russian soldiers in Ukraine would be legally unjustified.
Podoliak noted that in order to prevent another violation of international law and treaties by Russia, Ukraine wants to spell out in detail a specific plan in the agreement for the withdrawal of Russian troops, legally verify this, and also get the support of international partners.
"In addition, it is foreign states that will guarantee the fulfillment of the conditions and the security of Ukraine in the future. This will be a document detailing the procedure for actions in the event of repeated aggression from Russia. This is an innovative formula, authored by President Volodymyr Zelensky, which can become the basis for creating a completely new security system in Europe," he said.
Podoliak also stressed that Ukraine would not agree to compromises that could damage its interests.
"We are not Russia. We know how and we will conduct a dialogue with our society. And we always hear our society. Unlike the Russian Federation, we can discuss any issues that we should have been talking about for a long time, but we will not agree to a single ultimatum," he said.