Only one out of twenty Ukrainian citizens identifies themselves as Russian, according to a survey conducted by the Gorshenin Institute in cooperation with the Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation to Ukraine and Belarus, an UNIAN correspondent reports.
Nine out of ten respondents (92.6%) consider themselves Ukrainians, while every twentieth (5.5%) Russian, the report said.
The study also showed that the overwhelming majority of respondents (81.8%) identify themselves as citizens of their country, Ukraine.
At the same time, over half of the respondents who are ethnic Russians speak of themselves as citizens of Ukraine (55%). Almost a quarter of them identified themselves as citizens of the former Soviet Union (24.8%). In this regard, sociologists note that it’s mostly those living in eastern Ukraine (12% of the region's residents) and those over 60 years of age (10.5% of this age group) refer to themselves as citizens of the former Soviet Union. Young Ukrainians, aged 18-29 (10.2%), as well as respondents living in the north of Ukraine (11.9%) consider themselves citizens of the world.
Ukraine poll: Majority want Donbas to remain in UkraineSome 60.4% of Ukrainians said they mostly communicate in Ukrainian, while 37.8% in Russian, and 1.6% in other languages.
Sociologists note that the fact that the residents of the occupied territories, who have not participated in the study and most of whom are traditionally considered Russian speakers, could affect the final outcome of the survey on this indicator. People mostly communicate in Russian in the east of Ukraine (74.7%), while in the country's west Ukrainian language dominates absolutely (96.5%).
During the survey, the sociologists used two methods: focus-group discussions and personal interviews. In particular, six focus groups were held in April, in couples (with supporters and opponents of European integration) in Kyiv, Lviv, and Dnipro. Ukrainians aged 18 to 65 took part the discussions, while each of the groups consisted of an equal number of men and women.
Following focus group discussions, personal interviews were conducted in May-June in accordance with the respondents' places of residence. A total of 2,000 respondents aged 18 and over were surveyed in all regions (excluding the occupied territories of Crimea, the city of Sevastopol, and Donetsk and Luhansk regions). The field stage of the study was held from May 26 to June 6, 2017. Representative margin does not exceed +/- 2.2%.